Significant Findings

Significant Research Findings of AU, Jodhpur

Crop Varieties Released at ARS, Mandor

Scheme/Crop Variety Notification year Scheme/Crop Variety Notification year
AICRP on Sesame RT 46 1990 PC Unit Bajra MPMH 17 2012
RT 54 1992 MPMH 21 2016
RT 103 1994 Non-plan scheme
RT 125 1995 Bajra MBC 2 2011
RT 127 2001 Isabgol RI 1 Identified
RT 346 2009 RI 3025 Identified
RT 351 2011 Guar RGM 112 2005
AICRP on Castor RHC 1 2002 Chilli RCH 1 2004
MCI 8 Identified Moth IPCMo 880 1989
AICRN-PC Grain Am. RMA 4 2009 RMo 40 1994
RMA 7 2011 Kulthi (at ARSS, Sumerpur) KS 2 1991
Tumba RMT 59 2004

 

Evaluated Released Varieties and Recommended for Package of Practices (PoP)

  • Mustard: Pusa Mustard 25, Pusa Mustard 26, Pusa Mustard 27, NRCHB 101, RGN 145
  • Wheat: Raj Molya Rodhak 1, HD 2967, KRL 210, KRL 213, Raj 4079, Raj 4120, Raj 4083, Raj 6560, PBW 590
  • Barley: RD 2715, RD 2794
  • Gram: GNG 1488, GNG 1958, GNG 1581, RSG 896, RSG 945, RSG 974
  • Onion: RO 252, RO 59, Akola Safed, Bhima Raj, Bhima Shakti
  • Pearl millet: RHB 173, RHB 177, HHB 197, GHB 744, GHB 732, GHB 905, MPMH 17, MPMH 21
  • Mungbean: IPM 02-3, MH 2-15
  • Cluster bean: RGC 1038, RGC 1033, RGC 1031, HG 2-20
  • Groundntut: RG 425, Girnnar 2, HNG 123

 

Crop-wise Significant Research Findings

Groundnut

  • Varieties: RG 425, Girnnar 2, HNG 123
  • Erect/Bunch type of varieties i.e. TBG 39 & TG 37A should be sown in the mid of June for getting maximum seed yield.
  • For management of collar rot and tikka disease, seed treatment with Trichoderma @ 10 g/kg seed + Soil application of Trichoderma @ 2.5 kg/ha with FYM (100 kg) and foliar spray of Carbendazim (0.1%) was found effective.
  • Seed treatment with carboxin 37.5% + TMTD 37.5% (3 g/kg) or carbendazim 50 WP (2 g/kg) and soil application of viride (2.5 kg/ha) and two foliar sprays of carbendazim 50 WP (0.1%) was effective to manage root & collar rot diseases.
  • Need based soil application of gypsum 250 kg/ha + ZnSO4 20 kg/ha + FeSO4 20 kg/ha + K2O 30 kg/ha + Trichoderma viride5 kg/ha were found effective to manage root rot and collar rot diseases.
  • Spray of Pyraclostrobin + Epoxyconazole 1.5 g/l was found effective for management of Tikka and Alternaria disease.
  • Seed treatment with Imidacloprid 70 WS @ 5.0 g/kg seed or entomo-fungus, Beauveria bassiana or Metarrhizium anisopliae (any one) @ 10 g/kg seed and soil application of bassiana or M. anisopliae @ 10 kg/ha cultured in 125 kg FYM effective to manage termites.

 

Sesame

  • Varieties: RT 346, RT 351
  • Application of 75% RDF super-imposed with one foliar spray of urea (2%) at flowering found effective for obtaining higher seed yield and net returns.
  • Soil application of ZnSO4 @ 20 kg/ha + FeSO4 @ 25 kg/ha super imposed with one foliar spray of ZnSO4 @ 0.5% + FeSO4 @ 0.5% was found most effective against Macrophomina stem & root rot and phyllody.
  • Seed treatment with Imidacloprid 70 WS @ 7.5 g/kg seed + foliar spray of Imidacloprid 17.8 SL @ 0.25 ml/l or Lambda cyhalothrin @ 1.0 ml/l was effective to manage sesame phyllody.
  • Seed treatment with imidacloprid 70 WS @ 7.5 g/kg seed or thiamethoxam 25 WG @ 5 g/kg seed and foliar spray of profenophos 50 EC @ 2 ml/lit were found effective against leaf roller & capsule borer.
  • Spray of Chlorantraniliprole 18.5 SC @ 0.4 ml/l or Flubendamide 480 SC @ 0.3 ml/l recommended for control of Antigastra catalaunalis
  • To control sucking pest spray of Acephate 75 SP @ 500 g/ha was found effective.
  • Management of red rust flour beetle in stored sesame (seed purpose only), treatment with spinosad 45 SC @ 0.5 ml/kg seed or Deltamethrin 2.8 EC @ 0.4 ml/kg seed were found effective.

 

Mungbean

  • Varieties: GM 4, IPM 02-3, MH 2-15
  • Crop planted at 30 cm row spacing & followed by foliar spray of 0.2% K2SO4+ thiourea 1000 ppm enhanced seed yield under heat and moisture stress condition.
  • Application of Imazethapyr + Imazamox (Pre-mix) @ 60 g/ha at 20 DAS as post-emergence + Hand Weeding at 35 DAS found effective to control weed..
  • Foliar spray of carbendazim (0.1%) + streptocycline (0.01%) + methyl demeton @ 1 ml/lit. of water followed by second spray with non-chemical i.e.10% of cow urine + garlic extract + neem leaf extract (1:1:1) were found effective against diseases.
  • Foliar spray of acephate 75% SP @ 500 g/ha and indexocarb 14.5 SL @ 1.0 lit./ha were found effective against sucking pests
  • Dusting of malathion 5% and fenvelerate 0.4% dusts @ 25 kg per ha were found effective to manage pod borer in green gram.
  • Foliar spray of Acephate 75 SP @ 500 g/ha were found effective for management of jassids population in green gram.

 

Mothbean

  • Spray of flonicamid 50% WG @ 200 g/ha for control of sucking pests in mothbean.

 

Pearlmillet

  • Varieties: RHB 173, RHB 177, HHB 197, GHB 744, GHB 732, GHB 905, MPMH 17, MPMH 21
  • Application of 15 kg N/ha + 15 kg K2O/ha and planting at 60 cm row spacing + compaction through 4 kg rubber wheel and two dust mulching found effective to enhancing water use efficiency in pearl millet.
  • Sowing at 60 cm row spacing in rainfed situation and super imposed with a foliar spray of 0.2% K2SO4+ 100 ppm ascorbic acid at grain development stage in pearl millet under rainfed situation enhanced yield.
  • Seeds primed with salicylic acid 100 ppm (four hours) followed by foliar spray at grain formation stage proved significant effect on grain yield under rainfed condition.

 

Clusterbean

  • Varieties: RGC 1038, RGC 1033, RGC 1031, HG 2-20
  • Seed treatment with streptocycline (200 ppm for 3 h dip) + foliar spray of either copper oxy-chloride (0.3%) or streptocycline (0.02%) or copper oxy-chloride (0.15%) in association with streptocycline (0.01%) were found effective to manage bacterial blight.
  • Application of Imazethapyr + Imazamox (Pre-mix) @ 40 g/ha at 20 DAS as post-emergence or Pendimethalin (38.7 CS) @ 500 g/ha at pre-emergence + Hand Weeding at 35 DAS was effective to manage weed.
  • Spray of difenoconazole (0.5 ml/l of water) was found effective against alternaria blight.
  • Organic cultivation: Seed treatment with Trichoderma viride (10 g/kg) + soil application of Trichoderma viride (2.5 kg/ha) + foliar spray of extract of either neem leaf, datura leaf and aak leaf (1:1:1 ratio) 10% or Prosopis juliflora leaf, Tumba fruits and aak leaf (1:1:1 ratio) 10% or neem leaf, garlic clove and aak leaf (1:1:1 ratio) 10% + cow urine 10% + neem oil 3 ml/l were found effective against diseases clusterbean.

 

Castor

  • Sowing at 120 cm row and 90 cm plant spacing and application of 20 kg potash/ha enhanced the yield.
  • Seed treatment with 20 g Bio-phos per 50 g castor seed + 20 kg P2O5is equivalent to sole application of 40 kg P2O5/ha.
  • Under drip irrigation system, application of 1/3 nitrogen as basal and remaining 2/3 nitrogen in four splits at 30, 70, 90 & 110 DAS proved effective
  • Pre emergence application of pendimethalin at 1.00 kg/ha super imposed with weeding 40 DAS can control weeds in castor effectively and economically

 

Cumin

  • Application of 15 kg K2O/ha was found effective.
  • Pre-emergence application of pendimethalin CS @ 480 g/ha + one weeding 30 DAS found effective to control weed..
  • Use of Pendimethalin in cumin showed residual effect on succeeding pearl millet crop, hence pearl millet crop should not be taken as succeeding crop or soil turning plough should be used before sowing of pearl millet in these fields.
  • Foliar spray of Zineb 68% + Hexaconazole 4% WP @ 720 g a.i./ha and Metiram 55% + Pyraclostrobin 5% WG @ 1050 g a.i./ha or Pyraclostrobin 13.3% + Epiociconozole 5% @ 137.25 g a.i./ha (or commercial product @ 1.5 g/liter of water) were found effective to manage blight and powdery mildew.
  • Organic cultivation: Seed treatment with Trichoderma viride @ 10 g/kg seed along with soil application of Trichoderma culture @ 2.5 kg/ha before sowing followed by three foliar sprays of Prosopis juliflora + Tumba + Aak (JTA) in 1:1:1 ratio (10%) was most effective organic module against aphids, blight, powdery mildew and wilt diseases of cumin.

 

Wheat

  • Varieties: Raj Molya Rodhak 1, HD 2967, KRL 210, KRL 213, Raj 4079, Raj 4120, Raj 4083, Raj 6560, PBW 590
  • Soil application of potassium @ 20 kg/ha under irrigated situation enhanced yields.
  • Post emergence application either of met sulfuron methyl @ 4g/ha at 30-35 DAS or Clodinafop Propargyl 15% + Metsulfuron Methyl 1% WP @ 55-60 g a.i./ha at 35 DAS were found effective to control weed.
  • Seed treatment with imidacloprid 70 WS @ 5 g/kg seed was found effective to manage termites in wheat.
  • Seed treatment with any one of the entomo-phagous fungus, Beauveria bassiana / Metarrhizium anisopliae @ 10 g/kg seeds and soil application of bassiana/ M. anisopliae @ 10 kg/ha with 125 kg of FYM (in addition to recommended FYM) for incubation of fungus before sowing were effective to manage termites in wheat.

 

Fenugreek

  • Seed treatment with imidacloprid 600 FS @ 5.0 ml/kg seeds followed by one foliar spray of thiamethoxam 25 WG @ 0.3 g/l or Acetamiprid 20 SP @ 1.0 g/l or Imidacloprid 17.8 SL @ 0.5 ml/l of water was found effective to manage aphids in fenugreek.
  • Application of Thiamethoxam 25%WG @100 g/ha found effective in control of aphid (not in vegetable type).

 

Fennel

  • Variety: RF 101
  • Foliar spray of Thiamethoxam 25 WG @ 100 g/ha and Imidacloprid 17.8 Sl @ 150 ml/ha found effective to manage aphid.
  • 100% FYM equivalent to 100% RDF (N) + Biofertilizer + PP through neem based products/ entomogenous fungus/ bio pesticides/ extracts of botanicals/ Gosala products/ predators + gypsum @ 250 kg/ha + 50% RDF (N) through crop residue/ organic waste + tumba cake @ 250 kg/ha + Chemicals through foliage application produced maximum seed yield under organic nutrient management (INM).

 

Mustard

  • Application of 50% RDF through inorganic source + 50% RDF through FYM + Biofertilizer + PP measures including bioagents and chemical control + micronutrients including sulphur was found effective for integrated nutrient management.
  • Weed management through pre-emergence pendimethalin CS @ 340 g/ha.

 

Lucerne

  • Blanket application of 0.1% paraquat (1ml/lit. water) after cutting Lucerne and then irrigating crop 3rdday after treatment was effective to control Cuscutta .

 

Gram

  • Pre-emergence application of Pendimethalin @ 600 g a.i./ha was found effective to control weed.

 

Isabgol

  • Seed treatment with Trichoderma viride @ 10 g/kg seed along with soil application of Trichoderma culture @ 2.5 kg/ha followed by three foliar spray of Prosopis juliflora + Tumba + Aak (JTA) in 1:1:1 ratio (10%) were most effective against aphids, downy mildew, Alternaria blight and wilt diseases.

 

Chilli

  • Foliar spray of difenconazole 25 EC (score) at 0.05% and myclobutanil at 0.05% (systhane) were found effective for management of dieback and powdery mildew, respectively in chilli.

 

Onion

  • 50 kg K2O/ha in onion was found effective recommended.

 

Papaya

  • Planting papaya at 2.5 m row and 1.6 m plant spacing for higher yields.

 

 

Identification and Cultivation of New Crops for Western Rajasthan

Chia crop at ARS, Mandor

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